Webdesign J. Gross

The Photo Collection of Friedrich Markgraf

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Albania in 1924 – 1928

The German botanist, Friedrich Markgraf (1897-1987) worked for the Botanical Gardens in Berlin and was able to travel to Albania in 1924 and 1928 on its behalf, where he studied and collected plant life. His research resulted in the postdoctoral thesis An den Grenzen des Mittelmeergebietes: Pflanzengeographie von Mittelalbanien (On the Borders of the Mediterranean: Plant Geography of Central Albania), Berlin 1927, which was reprinted in an expanded version under the title Pflanzengeographie von Albanien (Plant Geography of Albania), Stuttgart 1932. In Pflanzen aus Albanien, 1928 (Plants from Albania, 1928), Vienna 1931, he took care to include the local Albanian names of the many plants he collected. In later years, he served as director of the Botanical Gardens in Munich. Markgraf is also remembered as author of the more general book In Albaniens Bergen (In Albania’s Mountains), Stuttgart 1930, with the photos presented here from his travels in the country.

Die Fotosammlung des Friedrich Markgraf

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Albanien in den Jahren 1924 – 1928

Im Auftrag des Botanischen Gartens von Berlin machte der deutsche Botaniker, Friedrich Markgraf (1897-1987), zwischen den Jahren 1924 und 1928 mehrere Forschungsreisen nach Albanien, wo er die örtliche Pflanzenwelt untersuchte und sammelte. Die Ergebnisse seiner Reisen erschienen in der Dissertation An den Grenzen des Mittelmeergebietes: Pflanzengeographie von Mittelalbanien, Berlin 1927, die in einer erweiterten Fassung unter dem Titel Pflanzengeographie von Albanien, Stuttgart 1932, erschien. In seinem Pflanzen aus Albanien, 1928, Wien 1931, zeichnete er auch die albanischen Namen der von ihm gesammelten Pflanzen auf. In späteren Jahren wurde er Direktor des Botanischen Gartens in München-Nymphenburg. Von allgemeinerem Interesse ist sein reichlich bebildertes Buch In Albaniens Bergen, Stuttgart 1930, von dem die hier vorgestellten Fotos entnommen wurden.

Koleksioni fotografik i Fridrih Markgraf

(Friedrich Markgraf)

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Shqipëria në vitet 1924 – 1928

Në vitet 1924-1928 në emër të Kopshtit Botanik të Berlinit, botanisti gjerman, Fridrih Markgraf (1897-1987), kreu disa udhëtime shkencore në Shqipëri, ku studioi dhe mblodhi bimët e vendit. Rezultatet e punës së tij shkencore dolën në disertacionin An den Grenzen des Mittelmeergebietes: Pflanzengeographie von Mittelalbanien (Në kufijtë e Mesdheut: gjeografia e bimëve të Shqipërisë qendrore), Berlin 1927, i cili doli në një version të zgjeruar me titullin Pflanzengeographie von Albanien  (Gjeografia e bimëve të Shqipërisë), Shtutgart 1932. Në vëllimin Pflanzen aus Albanien, 1928 (Bimët e Shqipërisë, 1928), Vjenë 1931, shënoi edhe emrat shqip të bimëve të mbledhura. Në vitet e mëvonshme punoi si drejtor i Kopshtit Botanik të Mynihut. Me interes më të përgjithshëm është udhërrëfimi i tij In Albaniens Bergen (Në Malet e Shqipërisë), Shtutgart 1930, me shumë fotografi, të paraqitura këtu.
Robert Elsie Early Photography in Albania
FMG001: Dr. Friedrich Markgraf (1897-1987) in 1966 (photo: Archiv, Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin). FMG002: A ‘bajraktar’ of Mirdita in northern Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG003: An alley with mudbrick walls and a wooden gate in Tirana, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG004: A market square in Tirana, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG005: The old bridge over the Lana River in Tirana, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG006: A pottery workshop near Tirana, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG007: A Shkreli woman at her loom in the mountains of northern Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG008: Men, women and children of the Shkreli tribe in the mountains of northern Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG009: Threshing at Micjana (near Burizana) northwest of Kruja, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG010: Ploughing near Tirana, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG011: A farmhouse at Sulzotaj near the mouth of the Shkumbin River, District of Lushnja, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG012: A house at Tunjan near Mount Dajti, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG013: A view of Mount Dajti in the clouds, near Tirana, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG014: The three main peaks of Mount Tomorr near Berat, Albania, as seen from the south (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG015: West of the village of Tufina near Tirana, on the rocky road to Dibra, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG016: Mule path in the sandstone, to the west of Tufina near Tirana, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG017 FMG018: Men of the Kelmendi tribe in northern Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG019: Fording the Erzen River at the foot of the one-time Beshir Bridge, near Tirana, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG020: The Hasan Bey Bridge at Banja (Ura Vajgurore), between Lushnja and Berat, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG021: The Gorica Bridge and quarter at Berat, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG022: The Aromanian (Vlach) village of Grabova e Krështerë near Mount Guri i Topit, taken from the Zogorra Pass in the Gramsh region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG023: A nomadic Aromanian (Vlach) settlement on Mount Guri i Topit in the Gramsh region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG024: Aromanian (Vlach) girls spinning wool at a nomadic settlement on Mount Guri i Topit in the Gramsh region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG025: Aromanian (Vlach) villagers at a nomadic settlement on Mount Guri i Topit in the Gramsh region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG026: Group of men at Shënepremte (Lenias) in the Gramsh region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG027: Stone house in Shënepremte (Lenias) in the Gramsh region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG028: A Bektashi baba and his dervishes at the tekke of Kulmak on Mount Tomorr, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG029: Water buffaloes in the Shkumbin River near Sulzotaj, District of Lushnja, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG030: Dugouts and fishing baskets in the marshes of Lake Maliq near Korça, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG031: Camping out at Hani i Babajt below Kruja, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG032: Crossing the upper Shkumbin River with a mule, near Hondisht in the Pogradec region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG033: The ridges of the Mali me Gropa mountain range, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG034: A crater formation in the Mali me Gropa mountain range, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG035: Rrapi Trish, the ‘Three Plane Trees,’ on the road to Dibra, near Tirana, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG036: A wooden aqueduct at Guri i Bardhë, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG037: A miller working in his mill at Guri i Bardhë, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG038: One of the author’s servants beside a haystack at Macukull in the Mat region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG039: A waterwheel near Berat, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG040: A group of men in the Mat region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG041: A ‘kulla’ (fortified house) at Bejn in the Mat region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG042: A ‘kulla’ at Arn (Arrën) in the Luma region near Kukës, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG043: The ‘kulla’ of the Alamani (Olomani) family in the Mat region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG044: The author’s mule driver resting with his mule, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG045: The author’s mule driver ready with the packed mules, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG046: The mule train of the author in the mountains of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG047: The author’s two mule drivers (riding) and two men of the Selita tribe in the Mirdita region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG048: The village of Çurkaj (Macukull) on Mount Deja in the Mat region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG049: Cliffside houses in the village of Sllatina, near the Shkumbin River in the Pogradec region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG050: A mountain hut on Mount Gjalica (Gjalica e Lumës) near Kukës, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG051: Inside a mountain hut on Mount Deja in the Mat region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG052: The Uraka valley in the Selita region of Mirdita, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG053: A log bridge near Zajs in the Selita region of Mirdita, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG054: A stone tomb at Kreja e Lurës in the Dibra region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG055: The back end of the stone tomb and the ruins of the church at Kreja e Lurës in the Dibra region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG056: Rifles carved on gravestones at Hani i Çesmës (now Gruemirë-Çesme), north of Shkodra, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG057: A carved wooden cross at Hani i Çesmës (now Gruemirë-Çesme), north of Shkodra, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG058: A ferry across the Drin River at Kukës, Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG059: A wooden bridge over the Drin River at Ujmisht in the Kukës region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG060: Four men of the Shkreli tribe in northern Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). FMG061: A family at Kullaxhi on the Gjadër River in the Mirdita region of Albania (photo: Friedrich Markgraf, 1924-1928). jquery image lightboxby VisualLightBox.com v6.1